‘The Joy of Shopping’ was written in 2012 at a time when physical retailers were at the height of disruption. E-commerce was then recently complemented by m-commerce and, together, they were beginning to change the very purpose of conventional retail. Its recommendations for how brands can adapt to changing consumer needs are as relevant today as they were then.
A new model for success in an increasingly splintered world.
The old notion of a linear customer journey has been splintered by the plethora of shopping choices available today. While retailers and brands are scrambling to understand how the shopping behaviour of newly empowered consumers is changing, we believe that we first need to understand what people want from their shopping experience.
The global retail revolution
The global world of retail is in a state of revolution. What was once so simple — “I’m just popping out to the shops” — is now infinitely splintered. Shopping is anywhere and everywhere.
Today’s consumers have an abundance of choice for shopping — in a store, on a website, via an app on their smartphone and through their games console. They move fluidly and instinctively across retail brands and channels as they satisfy their different shopper mindstates at the swipe of a finger or the click of a mouse. The old notion of a linear customer journey is rapidly evolving into a more mosaic approach.
In response, retailers are seeking to understand how shopping behaviours are changing as consumers gain more choice, access and power across channels. They are looking to create a more seamless experience that keeps shoppers engaged with their brand. They risk losing control of transactions and loyalty — once delivered solely by their physical stores — if they don’t deliver a smooth and connected shopping experience.
Three universal shopper mindstates are driving the future of retail
FITCH have identified three universal shopper mindstates that characterise the behaviours of shoppers across the world. Shoppers can exhibit any one of these different mindstates at any given moment, often switching from one to another in an instant, depending on the particular shopping mission and the stimuli around them.
In this mindstate, shoppers actively look for new ideas and inspiration. They don’t yet have fully defined needs and wants, and skip between categories and brands to find inspiration or learn something, and have fun while doing it.
Here, the shopper is open minded, but has a category-specific purchase intent. They may have a few options in mind but are open to suggestions, to being influenced. They are looking to browse easily, find more information and narrow their choices down.
In this mindstate, shoppers look for a specific brand, product or service. They are often replenishing their usual stock, or already know the specific item they are looking for. They want things to be easy to find, welcome timely and relevant reminders, and want to feel reassured that they are making the right choice when it comes to things like price.
Is locating now simply the price of entry?
Limiting retail experiences to Locating is dangerous. Throughout modern history, retailers have built their offer around the Locating mindstate: displaying their wares within ever-expanding avenues of choice. But as online shopping has grown, Locating transactions have begun to move off the high street and away from the malls.
The role of physical stores must be re-evaluated
More and more shoppers are shopping online, lured by websites and smartphone apps that make it easier than ever to navigate abundant choices and locate the best deals. With a finger stroke, they can research products, compare prices, and ultimately make a purchase: on the go, or from the comfort of their sofa. Transactions no longer happen only at the till. Global e-commerce is estimated to reach almost $1.4 trillion by 2015, a five-year Compound Annual Growth Rate of 13.5%.
Practices like ‘show-rooming’ — exploring in-store with one retailer but buying online with another — will continue to take more business away from physical stores unless retailers re-think what their store experiences should bring to the party. They need more seamless retail experiences that can only be developed from a truly shopper-centric starting point. The key to unlocking more complex journeys is in understanding the evolved mindstates shoppers are looking to satisfy.
A unique look into the mind: FITCH’s Joy of Shopping survey
A shopper mindstate study
The Joy of Shopping 2012, a survey by FITCH, polled 7,250 shoppers in seven markets — China, India, Brazil, Russia, USA, UK and UAE — across age, income and region (both Tier 2 and 3 regions as well as major cities). The first quantitative global study of shopper mindstates, the survey explored today’s shoppers from a number of critical angles:
01 / Their degree of involvement in shopping a category*
02 / Their levels of satisfaction with their current shopping experiences**
03 / Their perceived channel preferences, across four channels: store, website, app, social media
04 / The gap between their current and ideal imagined experience within a category
* Three-point scale of Enthusiasm, Enjoyment and Chore
** Five-point scale from Overjoyed and Happy to Disappointed and Distressed
The research explored these questions across three specific categories: Electronics | Groceries | Fashion
What shoppers want
Our study measures people’s shopping experience through Dreaming, Exploring and Locating against the dimensions of Channel, Satisfaction and Involvement in each category.
1. The good news for retailers: Enthusiasm for shopping is alive and well.
Despite the UK high street being in jeopardy, malls remaining empty in China and the US, and big-box formats being called into question, people’s enthusiasm for the world’s favourite pastime remains high.
We see the highest levels of enthusiasm in the electronics category, with 94% of people categorising themselves as ‘very enthusiastic’ and ‘enjoying the experience’.
And, when it comes to shopping for food and fashion, we see that 85% and 89% of shoppers respectively categorise themselves as ‘enthusiastic’ and being ‘pleased with the activity’.
2. Shopping enthusiasm is most strongly felt in emerging markets
As we look more deeply into the data, we see wide disparities by country. Shoppers in the emerging markets of China, India and Brazil are clearly more enthusiastic in their shopping experiences than their counterparts in more mature markets. It seems the burgeoning middle classes are enjoying the opportunities that their increasing disposable income and expanding retail choices present them. Perhaps the novelty effect of all the new shopping options is driving this enthusiasm?
In contrast, we see much higher numbers of people who consider shopping to be a chore in mature retail markets like the UK and the US.
This pattern is echoed by the differences seen in levels of satisfaction with their shopping experiences. Those in the emerging markets are far more likely to describe themselves as ‘overjoyed’ or ‘happy’ with their experiences than those in mature markets.
Retailers in these markets must find ways to address this apathy in the latter if they are going to re-engage customers. They also have to tackle tough loyalty issues when so much choice is available.
We still want to ‘go shopping’, but we want something different when we get there.
Bricks and mortar stores are in no danger of going away soon. Our research shows that shoppers across the world still see physical stores as the most preferred shopping channel.
However, across markets we can see the encroaching effect that the internet is having on shoppers’ preferences, particularly in the emerging markets of India, China and Brazil. The internet is seen to be significantly more important in these markets than in more mature markets. They want it all or, to put it another way, they want Seamless Retail.
Today’s shoppers, particularly in emerging markets, now expect to shop on their own terms, drifting between in-store and online worlds.
Retailers must now consider how to develop online shopping experiences that are seamless with physical stores. These days, people do a lot more ‘shopping in the mind’, and don’t need to restrict their browsing and buying to stores. So, developing an integrated and rich range of experiences that can satisfy the shopper’s need to dream about and explore new product choices, as well as efficiently locate their final choices, is critical.
A 2011 Deloitte survey of retail executives found that three-quarters believe that in five years’ time the role of bricks and mortar stores will shift to providing compelling and immersive brand experiences, as well as meaningful interactions with sales staff who are technologically-savvy brand ambassadors, with specialised product experience.
The expectation gap: the main hurdle to winning at retail
It’s imperative to understand that today’s shoppers want to satisfy all three mindstates equally.
Richer shopping experiences will win hearts.
Our research has not only validated the equal importance placed on satisfying each of these needs, but has also shown that shoppers want to have experiences rich in Dreaming, Exploring and Locating across categories.
Shoppers want to be inspired to dream, whether they are shopping for Saturday evening’s dinner, or something fabulous to wear on that first date.
While shoppers have evolved their behaviours, it is clear that retailers are failing to keep pace. There is a significant Expectation Gap between what shoppers want from their shopping experiences and what they are experiencing in reality.
In examining shoppers who value using multiple channels (both in-store and online) we can see that retailers are failing to deliver most in the area of Dreaming, followed by Exploring and then Locating.
We can drill down to see where the biggest gaps are between expectations and experiences, relative to the three mindstates.
The research shows the Locating dimension Making things easier to find and Helping shoppers feel reassured still represents the cornerstone of the retail experience. This is where retailers have traditionally focused their efforts, but clearly if retailers fail to help shoppers locate effectively, then they are failing at the first post.
Fashion retailers are perceived to fall short in this area in terms of finding things and reassuring shoppers that they have made the right purchase.
What smarter navigation strategies could be employed and what reassurances could accompany
The Exploring dimension Easily find more information on a product and to Get help in narrowing down choices is the new differentiator. Retailers who acknowledge this mindstate have some real opportunities to help shoppers.
What curating or editing strategies could be employed?
The Dreaming dimension Helping shoppers to have fun while they shop and Be inspired to try something new is still largely untapped.
An Envision Retail survey, based on observations of more than 8,000 apparel shoppers, found that 71% of shoppers who tried on clothes in fitting rooms bought something, as opposed to only 10% of those who didn’t use a fitting room.
Fitting rooms are the perfect venues to dream, if retailers can get the lighting, ambience and mirrors right.
Inspiring customers to dream emerges as particularly poignant when we view it through the eyes of female shoppers, across age groups.
As women age, the opportunities to dream in the fashion category become fewer and fewer — perhaps with so many retailers seemingly more intent on chasing younger women, rather than meeting the need of older generations.
Navigating the New Customer Journey
The findings of the FITCH 2012 Joy of Shopping study highlight the challenges and opportunities facing today’s retail brands as they seek to redefine their relationships with customers who have never enjoyed such abundant levels of choice and control, and whose behaviours are becoming ever more fluid and unpredictable.
FITCH’s research has revealed some practical tenets for winning at retail in this new world order.
1. Don’t underestimate your customers’ enthusiasm for shopping and going to stores
Today’s consumers enjoy shopping. In fact, the reassuringly large majority are extremely enthusiastic about it, and see themselves as influencers within their peer groups. Don’t miss opportunities to capture the hearts and minds of your most involved and enthusiastic customers by engaging all of their mindstates in ways that are entertaining, surprising and rewarding. Turn their enthusiasm into evangelism.
2. Rethink how you define and measure customer satisfaction
In today’s fast-moving retail world, nothing remains static — including your customers’ expectations.
Old models of satisfaction need to be torn up and re-drawn. General methods for customer satisfaction need to be replaced by measuring satisfaction by mindstate and shopper mission. As we’ve seen, happier shoppers are those that feel they are experiencing richer retail by satisfying all three mindstates.
3. Play to the Exploring and Dreaming mindstates — the new differentiators
Ensure that you’re evolving your offer in line with your customers’ expectations. If you continue to just play to the Locating mindstate, you leave yourself vulnerable to competition, particularly online competitors. Locating is now the price of entry (and there’s much work yet to be done) so find ways to make it more compelling than the competition. Shoppers are looking past Locating and seeking out Exploring and Dreaming experiences. Consider all three mindstates equally when establishing future retail and marketing initiatives.
4. Don’t think off — or online. Think seamless
Don’t look at store design or operations in isolation. Consider your retail experience in totality, as a matrix, and look for ways to enhance shopper experiences across channels and mindstates. Help your shoppers move through your experience, effortlessly, and on their terms. Also, recognise that the continuing onslaught of online communication and shopping opportunities will force you to re-think the roles that your physical stores need to play. Consider the opportunities to build your intangible brand value through real-world interactions across the Dreaming and Exploring mindstates.
Download a PDF copy of the report from Slideshare.